Surat which was known as Suryapur
, is located in the western part of India. It is a city of the Gujarat
State, which lies 306 Km to the south of state capital. Surat district is surrounded by Bharuch and Narmada
districts in the North
district and Dang
in the South
district in the East
and Gulf of Cambay
in the West
. This city is situated on the left bank of the Tapi River.
Surat district highly advance and is the second largest
city of Gujarat. The city is 22Km away from the basin. It is famous as Diamond capital
of the world. It is the textile capital
There is a moat
that divides the city into two parts, the older area and the new suburb. The older part of the city extends from railway station to Athwalines (area). The city houses many diamond industries which is the world centre of diamond cutting and polishing.
It is predicted that by 2020 the city will be the largest city of Gujarat, which may stretch from Kosamba
(north) to Billimora
The Surat city has a rich culture and tradition
. The city is has its own way of celebrating different festivals round the year. The famous cuisine of Surat is called Surati cuisine
. People of different language and religion are the dwellers of Surat.
Surat has been a major producer of fruits, vegetable crops and spices
. Surat is known to be the second largest producer of lignite
, in Gujarat. The major types of soil found in Surat district are red sandy loam deep soils
etc. They are hilly and highly undulating with fine texture, in coastal
plain the soil is of deep fine texture which is highly salt affected.