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Surat is a very popular port city that is situated on the shores of River Tapti in Gujarat that lies in the western side of India and it is a state that is highly renowned as a clean, fast growing and developed metropolis in India. The population of Surat is 4.5 million and it ranks second among the largest cities in Gujarat and eighth in India. The western border of Surat overlooks Gulf of Khambhat while the city is considered to be the largest producer of precious gems in the world. Approximately 90% diamonds of the world are polished and cut in Surat.
Tourism is a very important category in Surat and there are thousands of people who visit Surat every year because of its possession of beaches, parks, historic monuments and buildings. Surat is also considered as the ‘Economical Capital of Gujarat’ because of its fast developing tendency. Surat has tremendous leadership skills on the executive and political levels and the output of the city has also increased in terms of industries and economy. New jobs are being created in the city along with educational opportunities, wealth, cultural activities and environment. Surat is a city that is very well equipped and well connected. There are a number of important capital projects like Museum, Planetarium, Science Center and even Art gallery Museum that have been taken up by Surat Municipal Corporation. The art gallery and the museum showcase the rich history and the heritage of Surat and the art gallery at Science Center is also great fun. Some of the major Art Galleries in Surat have been described below:
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Museum
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Museum possesses 8400 antiquities in categories of porcelain, bronze, copper, wood, coins, porcelain, manuscripts, miniature paintings, textile, sculptures and various other things. The main motive behind the development of the museum was to showcase the glorious past of the city of Surat. There is a small auditorium contained in the museum that is used for screening historical documentaries.
Art Gallery in Science Center
The Art Gallery of Science Centre provides a number of display alternatives by means of exhibitions of contemporary art. The local artists of Surat and even artists from outside the city get ample opportunities of showcasing their art and their talent through these exhibitions that are held time and again at the art gallery in Science Centre. The art gallery has a single floor and the booking rates are different for each floor. The ground floor of the art gallery can be booked at the payment of Rs.14000 for local artists and Rs.21000for artists from outside Surat. The floor can also be taken on rent and the rent charges are Rs.2000. The first floor of the art gallery is available at the payment of Rs.13000 for local artists and Rs.21000 for artists from outside Surat. This floor can be taken on the rental charges of Rs.1500. the entire gallery can also be booked at the payment of Rs.22000 for local artists and even for artists from outside Surat. The rental charge for the entire gallery is Rs.3000.
Science Center in Surat
Center is one of the important recreation centers in Surat which
possesses thematic galleries that generally exhibit displays related to
the field of Technology and Science. There are Fun Science Exhibits
showcased on the very first floor of the Science Center and there are
plans of forming the Space, Textile and Diamond galleries on the second
floor of the Science Center.
Other Art Galleries in Surat
The contact details of some other Art Galleries in Surat have been given below:
Viraj Arts: Ghod Dod Road, Umra Gam, Athwa, Surat-395001, Gujarat. Art Gallery Timing: 11 am to 8.30 pm.
Divine Art Gallery: Shankar Plaza, Near Surat People’s Bank, Nanpura Timiliyawad Road, Surat, Gujarat. Art Gallery Timing: 9 am to 10 pm.
Tara Art Gallery: H 16 A, Parle Point Place, Athwa lines, Surat – 395001, Gujarat
Satnam Art Gallery: 4, Radha Nagar Society, Modi Bungalow, Ichchanath Road, Ichhanath Road, Surat – 395007, Gujarat.
Excellent Framing: E 20, Kanaknidhi Complex, Opp Gandhi Smruti Bhavan, Timiliyawad, Nanpura, Surat – 395001, Gujarat
Golden Touch Art Gallery: Basement, Citylight Shopping Center, Near Ashok Pan Center, City Light Road, Citylight Road, Surat – 395007, Gujarat
The entire state of Gujarat is virtually blessed with vibrant and rich convention of handicrafts. The state seems to be very different and unique in its patterns and artifacts that are wonderful exquisites. The crafts and the arts of Gujarat are diverse and they are an assimilation of aesthetic appeal. Surat city in Gujarat has always remained popular as an important port and entry point to the enormous riches of craft forms and myriad textiles. Commerce and trade of all kinds have enhanced in a major way in Surat because of its close proximity to the Arabian Sea and also because of the fact that Surat serves as an important harbor. This has ultimately led to the growth of crafts in Surat. Surat is not only a good harbor but it possesses a fair access of the forests belonging to the neighbouring Dang that contributes towards the formation of Vansda National Park in Surat. The districts that serves as neighbors to Surat have a very dense population of tribal settlements belonging to the communities like Turis, Bhil, Nayaks and Rathwas. These communities have turned Surat into their adopted home. They have brought into Surat their simple rustic blend of ceremonial attire and jewelry that is found to be embellished with leaves, bird feathers and even terracotta emblems that signifies their adoption with the forest culture.
Popularity of Surat Handicrafts
handicrafts are really very famous throughout the world. This Indian
city possesses a very rich culture of craft and art that has been kept
preserved with great care and respect. The characteristic handiworks of
Surat are popular in the Indian Territory as well as in the foreign
countries. In Surat, traditional handicrafts have not only been
preserved but the people of Surat are always open to various kinds of
experiments in order to craft things in a better way. The people of
Surat have a special love for cultural heritage and they nurture it and
also struggle to improve the traditional handiworks of Surat.
Handicrafts is Surat are found to be deeply rooted into the lives of the
people of Surat, craft and art in Surat forms a very important and
integral part of the lifestyle and the culture of the people of Surat.
Surat handicrafts have the ability to transform a dull and ordinary item
into a beautiful object. There are numerous weaving and painting
styles that are found to be practiced on a large scale in the material
good or textile industries of the city of Surat. The most famous styles
that are used in textile industries of the city are:
Bandhej: tie and dye fabric
Ajrakh and Dhamadka
Sarees of Surat
Surat city is also very popular for the Sarees that are manufactured here. The famous styles in sarees are:
Patola Sarees of Ahmedabad
Patola is the best
hand-woven saree from Surat. This saree is basically famous for its
geometrical patterns that are very colorful and that contribute towards
making the saree strikingly beautiful.
Zari Work and Brocade Weaving
Surat is a city that possesses a very strong foundation of very old houses of business that engage themselves
in vivacious trade to Southeast Asia and Europe. This fact is clearly
evident from the influences that are found in design forms that have
been brought from abroad. Surat solely indulges in work of Zari which is
done by the use of the assimilation of silver and gold threads that
helps in creating juxtaposed superfluities on marvelous fabric. Brocade
weaving is also a highly established, proficient and respectable
handicraft industry in Surat. It is only because of the close trade
relations of Surat with Amsterdam and Antwerp that has transformed Surat
into a center for polishing, shaping a precision of diamonds, which is a
profession based on intense labor accompanied by skill. Surat has also
emerged as a very successful textile manufacturing center for industrial
and handmade textiles after the decline of the textile industries of
Ahmedabad and Bombay. It has also been found that Surat is highly
influenced by the Parsi culture and it is only because of this influence
that the city has also found the development of a very exclusive form
of craft known as Marquetry which is tinted and diligent engrave work on
wood and the manufactured products have a strong hold in the world
market where they sold as objects of art.
Other Handicraft Work in Surat
Other industries of Handicrafts in Surat city are:
Needlework in Surat
The needlework that is found in Surat is very famous throughout the world and the main reason behind the popularity of this needlework is its accuracy and elegance. Embroidery is considered to be Surat’s prototypical handicraft and the artisans are mainly the wives of nomads, herdsmen and agriculturists who battle for any sort of second income. Appliqué work and Ari bharat are unique traditional skills in embroidery. Toran is a very common doorway decoration which is embroidered and it consists of hanging flaps. Toran is considered to bring in good luck for the people if placed on the doorway. Pacchipatis are embroidered frieze that are hung from corners and they are used as welcome symbol for visitors. Chaklas are square pieces that are embroidered and these pieces are used as covers for furniture while Bhitiya is embroidered wall hanging. Abhala is a embroidered mirror inset which has recently transformed into ethnic and chic fashion where very small discs of mirror are closely fixed with the work of silken thread.
Tie and Dye of Surat: Bandhej
Surat and basically entire Gujarat is famous for its tie and dye fabric which is demanded throughout the world. Bandhej is a tie and dye fabric which is popular because of its patterns and intricate designs. Sarees and Gharchola odhni are very important outfits in Surat and they are used for weddings for gracing the beauty of Gujarati women. Bandhej fabric is often found to be brocaded with zari work and this type of fabric is produced on fine cotton known as mulmul and is sometimes combined with motifs and gol checks that are found to be worked in jamdani technique. Dyeing is an art form that has remained in Surat as hereditary art.
Bead Work of Surat
Beadwork also forms to be another Surati specialty. Patterns and motifs dictate the technique of arranging beads together. The objects that contain beadwork are usually used as potholders and wall decorations. Kathis are the tribals who excel in the production of beadwork that is worked on backgrounds that are white and by the use of vibrant colors and distinct patterns. Beadwork torans are also very popular in Gujarat.
Jewellery of Surat
Art of precious stone cutting, processing and creating jewellery is considered to be the traditional handicraft of Surat. Folk jewellery consisting of various designs are a characteristic of every community and village in Surat. The jewellery designs are basically on silver, gold, brass and iron.
Furnishings of Surat
Surat is also famous for various kinds of furnishings ranging from elegant and simple cushion covers to bed covers and quilts is various styles. These furnishings are pleasantly embroidered and they also contain micro mirrors, animal motifs, patch worked and even geometrical motifs. Quilts are also very popular items of handicrafts. The quilts in Surat are available in numerous styles from complex patterns to simple geometric designs. Other items of utility like Kalamkari and woven table covers; block printed table and bed linen and tablemats are also very popular as handicrafts in Surat. Dhurries and namdas are traditional floor spreads that are woven with goat and camel hair and even cotton and wool.
Pottery of Surat
Pottery is the oldest handicraft in Surat and it is famous worldwide. The village potters that indulge in pottery are excellent at turning clay wonders into great pieces of handicraft. Clay utensils are also made in major parts of Surat that are basically used in village homes. Terracotta toys also form a major handicraft of the Surati potters. Potter communities in Surat and throughout Gujarat also excel in mud wall painting that are decorated with plaques and mirrors.
Woodwork of Surat
Lacquered furniture is an important handicraft industry in Surat. The woodcraft and the furniture of Saurahsthtra and Surat are very famous. Woodcarvings throughout Gujarat are generally found in houses and temples.
Handicrafts for Temples in Surat
Several handicraft articles have also erupted due to the excavations that have been carried out in major parts of Gujarat. Temple curtains that comprise Goddess Durga riding on her tiger and other illustrations belonging to Puranic legends have been excavated and they are mainly used by the people of Gujarat as a welcome symbol for visitors.
Handicrafts Shops in Surat
Some of the shops and stores that deal in the sale of handicrafts in Surat have been detailed below:
Raj Design: Deals in export and manufacture of wall hangings that are quite decorative, embroidered bed sheets and cushion covers.
Sapphire Just Antiques: Production and export of handicrafts.
Vishva International: 2, Shiv Dhara Complex, Shyam Dham Chowk, Simada Road, Surat- 395060. Production and export of brass and wooden handicrafts.
Cinderella Gift: Ug-25, Sarella Shopping Center, Ghod Dod Road, Surat- 395007
Arzee Fashions: 313, Rajhans, Opp J.k. Tower, Ring Road, Surat- 395002. Production of handicrafts
Sapphire Just Antiques: 108-109, Classic Complex, Opp. New A.v. Sons, Parle Point, Surat- 395007
Production and Export of Surat Handicrafts
These are some of the stores and shops in Surat that deal in the manufacture and even in the export of handicrafts to local people and to different international cities and towns. Handicrafts and art form a major source of income for the people of Surat and entire Gujarat. It is only because of the art form practiced in Surat and the handicrafts that are done by the tribals of Surat that people have been able to lead an average lifestyle in the city. Surat had a glorious past and at present also Surat remains to be an established city where people do not suffer from the problem of unemployment. They are financial strong and they possess the capability of bringing in different changes in their lifestyle.
The art galleries in Surat and the handicrafts in Surat are world famous and they also possess a special place in the hearts of the people of Surat.