Hazira is a small town in Chorasi Taluka in Surat District of Gujarat State, India. It comes under Hazira Panchayath and is located 23 KM towards west from District head quarters Surat and 273 KM from State capital Gandhinagar.
Hazira Pin code is 394270 and postal head office is Nandniketan. Hajira attracts many tourists visiting Surat and also the locals out there due to the presence of scenic beaches and resorts. People can enjoy sun bathing and have a dip in the sea as well.
The region also has two wells dug deep into the ground that are rich and laden with sulfur and iron deposits that are beneficial for the people. The sea weather and the fresh breeze also facilitate the sick.
Hazira is mainly known for its port and as an industrial area due to the presence of major companies like Bharat Petroleum Corporation, Cairn Energy, Essar Power, Hindustan Petroleum and Larsen & Toubro, Reliance, NTPC with most of the companies having their own captive power plants and port jetties. Current industrial investment in Hazira amount to a massive Rs 65,000 Cr.
Location of Hazira Port
Hazira port is located at a distance of 25 kms from Surat and 250 km from Mumbai. It is a deep-water, all-weather direct-berthing multi-cargo port and has been built with a protected harbour design, with 2 breakwaters and an additional waterfront for the development of non-LNG cargo handling facilities. Hajira and Magdalla Ports in the district provide logistic support to the industrial operations in the state with foreign countries.
Hazira Port is built by Hazira Port Private Limited (HPPL), a joint venture between two of the largest private LNG suppliers in the world and Shell Gas B.V (Shell) and Total Gaz Electricité Holdings France (Total).
Connectivity of Hazira Port
Hazira Port in Surat has close proximity to the high speed dual carriageway which is under construction. The port is linked to both NH-6 and NH-8 connecting to the arterial National Highway between Delhi & Mumbai and traverses further to Central India.
To further improve road logistics, the government is planning 6-lane widening of the existing roads between port and the national and state highways. The port is also well connected with main Mumbai – Ahmedabad - Delhi broad gauge railway line.
Delhi Freight Corridor is expected to be a major thrust for the industrial growth of Hazira Port. Hazira also known as the ‘gateway port’ connects the hinterlands of north, west and central India as it is situated in the midst of one of the most industrialized areas in the country.
The existing industrial portfolio of Hazira includes industrial activities such as petrochemicals, fertilisers, heavy engineering, steel, energy and port related activities.
More than 20 large and medium sized companies are located in Hazira, including Bharat Petroleum Corporation, Cairn Energy, Essar Power, Hindustan Petroleum and Larsen & Toubro, Reliance, NTPC among others
The port location is strategic. Major industrial clusters are located within 200 km reach of the port, which is highly concentrated in the Vadodara-Ankleswar-Hazira-Vapi belt. This industrially vibrant belt has the credit of being the largest industrial cluster in India.
Also, at least 12 Special Economic Zones (SEZs) fall in the Vadodara-Hazira belt, resulting in escalation of demand for container port facilities.
Future Projects at Hazira Port
The expansion plans of Hajira port is envisioned in two phases. The first phase envisions the development of port infrastructure to handle liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) imports and the second phase would offer port facilities for handling dry bulk and containerized cargo. The port facility would help in attracting enormous investments in the coming future.
The GMB (Gujrat Maritime Board) is planning to develop a common user berth towards South of Essar jetty at Hajira. Essar Ports operates an all-weather deep port with 30 mmtpa of dry bulk cargo capacity, which is being expanded to 50 mmtpa. The company is setting up a dry bulk terminal at Hazira with a capacity of 20 mmtpa, which will be operational by the second half of 2013-14.
Hazira Power Plant Project
The Hazira II power plant project, located at Hazira comprises of two generation units of 135-MW capacity. The Essar Projects team has already completed close to 30,000 cu.m. of concreting work at the 270 MW Hazira power plant project in Gujarat.
Adani Hazira Project
Adani Hazira Port Pvt Ltd is planning to set up a new Infrastructure project at Surat in Gujarat. The project involves Setting Up Multi Cargo Port Terminal Having Berth Facility / Infrastructure Facilities, Road, And Rail Network, Desalination Plant, etc.
ONGC Project at Hazira
ONGC is planning to expand the capacity of Hazira refinery with an capital outlay of Rs.1,100 million. The project involves increasing the processing capacity to 69 mmscmd which includes LPG, kerosene and diesel. The project will be implemented in 2 phases.
Surat has been very successful in attracting a sizeable amount of Foriegn Direct Investment in various sectors like energy, oil, and petroleum. A significant investment of Rs. 3,000 crore in Hajira terminal project is one of the largest Greenfield FDIs in India.
Further augmentation of Surat-Hajira Linkage and connectivity to NH-6 and NH-8 by road, and; Surat-Hajira Rail Link with DFC at Vapi\Vadodara stations along with residential, commercial, institutional, health and transportation infrastructure will definitely upsurge the industrial growth of the district.
With the proposed development of Hazira as a Special Investment Region (SIR), focussing on Engineering, Oil & Gas and Chemicals/Petrochemicals as well as Transshipment, Hazira will undoubtedly contribute significantly to the Industrial growth of Surat, Gujarat and India.