Infrastructure in Surat
The infrastructure of Surat is competent enough to any other metropolitan city. The infrastructure of Surat encompasses transportation, communication, education, Housing and it has every aspect you would expect from a city.
Surat being the industrial center, has huge number of migrants resulting in increase in the urban population. Thus, certain growth management strategies are formulated to boost up the infrastructure and to create a viable environment promoting growth. One such strategy was ‘Comprehensive Mobility Plan’ formulated in 2008 with a focus on increased connectivity, integrated transport systems, new parking projects and policies, and provision for pedestrian and cycle users. The city has also developed waste to energy projects, energy efficiency systems and environment enhancements measures to create an enviable range of sustainability initiatives. Certain infrastructural aspects in Surat are as follows
The Industrial Area in SuratSurat is one of the most well planned cities in the country. The diamond cutting and polishing industry of the city can give an outlook of the industrial scenario of the city. About 42 percent of the cutting, polishing and finishing works of the world's diamond products are done here. The city also holds some rich textile industry and several heavy engineering plants.
The industrial activities in Surat are mainly spread across 5 SEZ which are SURSEZ, Surat Apparel SEZ, Gems & Jewelry SEZ, Essar Hazira SEZ, Essar Power SEZ. It has 16 Industrial estates in Valod, Khatodara, Bardoli, Gaviyar-Meghdalla, Olpad, Hazira(GSPCL), Katargam, Ichhapor Bhatpor (IOC), Apparel park, Hazira, Doshwada, Pandesara, Hazira (Reliance), Sachin, Ichhapor Bhatpo, Sachin (DGDCL) and 4 Industrial parks namely M/s Gujarat Eco Textile Park Ltd, M/S Fairdeal Textile Park Ltd, M/s Shri Laxminarayan Industrial Cooperative Service Ltd, M/S Surat Super Yarn Park Ltd.
Road and Rail Connectivity of SuratSurat being an industrial centre and an upcoming city, traffic problems are prevelant. There are over 12 lakh vehicles registered with the regional transport office, as against the estimated population of 37 lakhs. SMC ( Surat Municipal Corporation ) therefore prepared the Comprehensive Mobility Plan which anticipates comprehensive development of transport infrastructure including road network on Ring and Radial model, multi-level parking and BRTS
Surat is well connected to various cities through state highways and national highways. NH8 connects Surat with Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai,Hyderabad and Kolkata. All the major cities of Gujrat including Jamnagar , Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Valsad, Ahemdabad and Vadodra are very well connected with Surat
A Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) is also being developed linking Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai. The proposed DFC passes through six states in India, of which ,Gujarat accounts for 38% (564 Km) of total DFC length (1483Km). Surat- Navsari industrial area lies within 50 Km of the Dedicated Freight Corridor in southern Gujarat due to which there will be good connectivity between ports, industrial estates, hinterlands, markets and points of agricultural produce.
Almost all the talukas of Surat are well connected with the rail network. Surat is also well connected with Valsad, Vapi and Mumbai towards its south and with Bharuch, Vadodara and Ahmedabad in the north with good frequency of trains.
Airports and Port Connectivity of SuratSurat has a domestic airport which is well connected to different metros, thus making transportation by air much feasible. Its has daily flights to Mumbai, Ahemdabad, Jaipur and Delhi.
Surat’s geographical location is ideal for a fledgling industrial centre. Its proximity to sea makes the transportation through water much easier. Magdalla & Hazira Ports are the two ports in Surat which has good rail and road connectivity.
Hazira Port in Surat has close proximity to the high speed dual carriageway which is under construction. The port is also well connected with main Mumbai – Ahmedabad - Delhi broad gauge railway line. Delhi Freight Corridor is expected to be a major thrust for the industrial growth of Hazira Port. Hazira also known as the ‘gateway port’ connects the hinterlands of north, west and central India as it is situated in the midst of one of the most industrialized areas in the country. The existing industrial portfolio of Hazira includes industrial activities such as petrochemicals, fertilisers, heavy engineering, steel, energy and port related activities. More than 20 large and medium sized companies are located in Hazira, including Bharat Petroleum Corporation, Cairn Energy, Essar Power, Hindustan Petroleum and Larsen & Toubro, Reliance, NTPC among others.
Magdalla port is 2 Km away from the state highway and 15 Km away from NH8.
It is a lighterage port situated on the western coast of India in southern Gujarat. It is on the southern bank of river Tapi. The nearest broad gauge railway line and Surat railway station are 15 and 16 km away from the port. The port is also well connected by road with Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, north Maharashtra which are hinterland areas to the port. The airport is 4 Km away from the port.
Power Supply in SuratAll the industrial activities requires uninterrupted supply of power and Gujrat electricity board provides the extended support. Surat has a well developed network of sub stations and power stations in the district to cater to the need of electricity for industry and residential use. There are five 220 KV sub stations at different locations in the district at Sachin, Ichhapor, Kim, Vav and Bardoli. There are eight power stations in the district and one power station is proposed at Aakhakhol. One 132 KV sub station is in place at Bhestan.
Healthcare in SuratHealthcare serves as one of the factors that help in the social development of a city. Surat has some very good specialised hospitals. There are 11 community and 50 primary health centers present in the district. 89 private hospitals are operational in Surat City. Lions Cancer Detection Centre Trust at Surat has been providing specialised treatment to cancer patients since 1968. There are also three TB hospitals present in Surat to provide best treatment facilities.
Housing in SuratRapid industrialization of Surat, with the growth in labour intensive industries namely textile manufacturing, trade, diamond cutting and polishing industries, has led to the massive migration of labour from different parts of the country to the city, which coupled with insufficient availability of affordable housing has led to an increase in slums. To cope up with the increasing population in the city, various low cost housing are built in the city.
Upcoming Infrastructure in SuratSurat in Gujarat is planning to set up infrastructure to the tune of Rs 1,500 crore in 2013.Few of the projects in line include:
- Construction of cable bridge and its approaches on Tapi river joining Athwalines – Adajan in Surat.
- Multi cargo port having berth facility, road and rail network, desalination plant and other infrastructure.
- Bus Rapid Transport System (BRTS) which is scheduled for completion in four phases which will enhance the connectivity in the city. The outcomes will include increased public transit patronage, efficient public transit operation , efficient mixed personalized transit operation, reduction in accident rate, improved air quality, saving in vehicle operating cost and saving in travel time.
- A canal corridor has been proposed which will provide the much needed east –west connectivity in Surat city.
- The proposed Outer Ring Road in Surat is envisaged to decongest the urban core traffic
- Development of feeder road links is ongoing, connecting the industrial area with NHDP, DFC corridor and Hinterland
- Development of feeder rail links to build a new broad gauge rail link between Surat (Gothangam) and Hazira.
- Metro project has been sanctioned and Surat will have a metro very soon.
- Multi-layer Fly Over Bridge: First of its kind with four flyovers crossing each other on Ring Road between Udhana Gate and Majura Gate.
- Science Center: Under construction, the total built-up area is about 17,000 sq metres. It will include a museum, an art gallery, a planetarium, an auditorium and an amphitheatre.
There are various infrastructure companies in Surat, working towards the development of the city.
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