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Rander Town near Surat

Rander is a small town situated on the bank of the Tapti River in Surat district of Gujarat state in India. It is popularly known as the City of Mosques, and is situated at a distance of just two kilometers from the Surat city.


History of Rander

In AD 200, during the administration of Shanprat, countless Jain Temples were constructed in and around Rander. There was a little historic principle that states Rander was a significant port of Western Hind. Trade was as well carried out with Miser, Arabia, Sudan and other western nations in the course of the Rander harbor.

The first recorded reveal of Rander was in the Kitab al Hind book written by Al Biruni in 1050. During the ancient medieval period Rander had turned out to be a significant harbor in western India, though it is smaller than other harbors such as Broach in Gujarat. Ships loaded with silk, spices, Benzoic and ceramic from as much as China and Sumatra landed in Rander. The main traders were Nawayat Arabs, who settled in Rander in the year 1225.

According to the mentions of Duarte Barbosa, the Portuguese traveler in the year 1514, Rander is the good city of the Moors, constructed with extremely pretty squares and houses. It is a wealthy and pleasant place, and the Moors of the city deal with Bengal, Malacca, Tawasery, Martaban, Pegu, and Sumatra in all varieties of spices, medicines, musk, silks, Benzoic and ceramic. They own extremely large, and superior ships and those who inclined to the articles of China will discover them there very absolutely. The Moors of Rander are white and well clad and extremely wealthy. They boast beautiful wives, and the furniture in their homes boasts many types of china vases, kept in glass cupboards in a well-organized manner. Their women are not sheltered similar to other Moors, but go around the city in the daytime, engaging in their business with their faces exposed as in other areas.

Therefore, consistent with Barbosa, the Moors of Rander did not follow the custom of Islamic Purdah, and were well ahead of their times. However, the goodness of Navayat Arabs is obvious by the numerous darghas and mosques they constructed. In the year 1225, Arabs sailors and merchants resided in Rander following shifting the home Jain rulers. In the year 1874, the Hope Bridge was constructed across the river connecting the Rander city to rural communities on the other bank of the river.

Places to See in and Around Rander

There are several worth seeing tourist places in and around Rander. Some of them are:

Jama Masjid in Rander

One among the ancient cities in South part of Gujarat, and the major city in the region earlier than the center moved to Surat located in Rander lies across the walkway NE of Surat. The four-storey Friday Mosque or the Jama Masjid in Rander was constructed during the 16th century employing construction materials from Jain temple which was found at the location previously.

How to reach Jama Masjid in Rander

Tourists can reach Jama Masjid:
  • By Rail: Railway stations are located at the eastern side of the city.
  • By Road: Surat is situated at a distance of 131 kilometers from Vadodara, 234 kilometers from Ahmedabad and 297 kilometers from Mumbai. Both Gujarat State Transport and private bus stations are available on the eastern edge of the city.
By Air: A range of domestic flights between metros and the main cities are available in the Surat Airport

Vansda National Park

The 24 square kilometer Vansda National Park lies at the eastern part end of the Navsari district in the Southern part of Gujarat state. You hoist your neck to observe the tops of the very tall trees, the teak maybe flowering, and the bamboo brakes abundantly. The shelter is so thick you discover parts of the woods in dark, and are astonished to bear in mind you are still in the state of Gujarat, so fertile and thick is the world just about you. You can see untamed mango groves, maybe even a wild comparative of the banana plant, and interlacing in between are massive creepers.  You check embarrassed at your back for dinosaurs. You discontinue short in order to not fright away the good-looking butterfly that has grounded in front of you, and while it flies away, you are unfocused and bend, similar to a kid, to observe a multicolored centipede scurry its hairy way along. You start to observe not only the gigantic trees, but also the small creatures that exist between the cracks in the bay. Shortly even the mushrooms and ferns on a rotting log appear like elaborate decoration. You are astonished by an area of the Bharadi grasslands put away east of the hub of the Vansda National Park. Also, at the Ambika River, you are charmed by the assortments of orchids, fragile and multicolored.

Moreover, as you have fallen in love with the Vansda National Park, you would decide to spend a nighttime deep in the woods and study more about it through Kilad Environment Edification Camp. Subsequent to a twilight campfire and a dawn guided trip, you at present walk around with even larger ears and eyes, seeing not only the creatures, but also the paths and droppings and song that inform you about the creatures that you do not see.

Saputra Hill Station

You have to take a profound breath and disappear because you have reached the Saputra Hill Station, the nature’s womb. During the winter season, at the fall of dawn, hike up to the Gandhi Shikhar while the river of brightness cleanses the streams over rolling mountains and the traveling birds, into a supernatural dance of arousing.

During the rainy season, respire in the undulating hills of Saputara, echoing green shades, green with flowers, and observe the contemplating rain drops resting still on inclined leaves. A few of the thickest jungle cover in the state encloses you. In the summer season, walk relaxed in the area of the hill of the Governor, and you can observe the sun immerse into the Saputara Lake as the sky starts to sparkle with stars.

As your van gulps uphill, interweaving over the Ambika River, you put down all the overcrowding of cities and towns far beneath you and go into the spirit world of ancestral people. Snuggled in the Sahyadri range, at a height of about 1000 meters, this Dangi farm gets its name from the Snake God respected by the ethnic people and interprets as the house of snakes, Saputara.
Despite being the single hill station of Gujarat, it is simply commercialized, still pure.

Purna Wildlife Sanctuary

Purna Wildlife Sanctuary boasts the thickest wood cover in the state, and the maximum average precipitation, at 2500 millimeters. At dusk, the 160 square kilometers of fertile undulating hills, bamboo, and teak, packs with the melody and drums of the Dangi families that inhabits Vansda as well. The major rural community of the Mahal is in the middle of the Purna Wildlife Sanctuary on the Purna River banks, with a forest guest house. Vansda and Purna together are the single secluded forest regions in South Gujarat.

Purna is a refuge, where abundant thick forests with bulky bamboo brakes charm visitors. People get astonished to observe such immaculate forests in the region, which ensues to be an annex of the Western Ghats. For an eco-traveler who would like to benefit from birds of damp deciduous forest blended with bamboo, this is the most excellent place to visit. The refuge is a part of the woods on the northern edge of the Dangs district in South Gujarat. The sanctuary covers an area of 160.8 square kilometers especially reserved for forest and has been declared as Sanctuary in the year 1990.

The Purna Wildlife Sanctuary supports a range of plants and flowers of extremely high evolutionary importance. The Sanctuary, together with Vansda National Park, is the single secluded region in South Gujarat for preserving different biological sources. Elephants, wild bulls, rhinoceros and Sloth bear also wandered in this forest-area at the time of the historic past. Woods of this area convince cultural and material requirements of home tribal and preserve environmental stability of the region. Approximately 700 recognized plant classes with the supremacy of grasses and wide-leaved plants in towering diversity and density are found in the Purna Wildlife Sanctuary.

Dissimilar categories of forests that comprise diverse habitats are damp mixed deciduous forest, bamboo brakes and damp teak forest. Bamboo forms substantial middle storey in a big area with tree wrap having fairly thick canopy. Mahal woods in the secluded region are one among the best woods in the State of Gujarat.

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